Cavium - Semiconductor Solutions and Server Innovation

CloudScale Rack™

CloudScale Rack™

Data Center workload
Overview

Today’s data centers consist of rows and rows of “racks.” Racks hold servers, including the CPU and memory, storage, offload NIC adapters, uninterruptable power supplies, and a fixed function top of rack (ToR) Ethernet switch that lets the servers talk to each other, enabling the racks to talk to other racks or outside the data center. However, the server architecture by itself was created as an additive process, where each generation was built on top of each other, driven by the varying server workloads, innovations in CPU, storage, memory, and networking protocols. The end result is a sub-optimal vanilla solution that costs a lot more than it needs to on an upfront (acquisition) and ongoing (op-ex) basis and limits the overall performance and scalability of the rack specific to the modern cloud workload requirements.

As the cloud industry moves toward more accelerated computing models that utilize faster emerging networking protocols and architecture, storage and offload co-processors, there arises a need for a new approach for a software-defined rack solution across network, storage and compute to deliver the scalability, flexibility and efficiency to compete in the future where hyperscale is mandatory. This new approach is the scalable rack solution with a range of workload-optimized servers for compute, storage, networking and management modules that work together to build a wide range of logical, virtual systems that are more adaptable to emerging networking protocol needs.

Cavium delivers silicon and software building blocks engineered from the ground up for flexible, scalable software-defined data centers. These include:
  • Leaf and spine, software programmable (SDN) switches enabled through Xpliant® Ethernet switching technology.
  • Virtualized data center ready, elastic security, authentication and key management enabled by Cavium’s LiquidSecurity™.
  • Distributed server load balancing, firewall and VM acceleration enabled through LiquidIO™ adapters
  • A variety of Cloud applications that can be deployed using ThunderX®-based workload optimized servers.

CloudScale Rack is a flexible and scalable solution deploying Cavium’s data center centric product offerings which allows scale-out of individual rack elements, while the entire rack cabinet behaves as scalable unit of data center (DC) with shared cooling and power.

Servers: ThunderX processors along with excellent compute and memory capabilities, integrate required network storage capabilities and the hardware accelerators eliminating the need for any additional adapter or offload cards. A ThunderX-based server can be configured to run any data center workload and the number of servers servicing a particular workload can be changed on demand using OpenStack. Seamless deployment of virtual machines (VMs) is enabled through hardware support for dedicated I/O for each VM, VM- to-VM isolation, VM security and VM-to-VM hardware-based switching. Encrypted client traffic is load balanced in hardware using a ThunderX-based server with integrated Nitrox accelerator.

Rack Fabric Connectivity: Cisco’s Global Cloud Index tells us that, unlike in campus networks, the dominant volume of traffic in the DC traverses in an “East-West” direction (76%), followed by “North-South” traffic (17%). The primary drivers for this increase in east-west traffic is virtual machine (VM) migration, which is becoming increasingly common because of the wide spread adoption of virtualization in cloud computing. East-West traffic between ThunderX-based clusters in the rack can be directly switched using integrated fabric in ThunderX lowering overall latency and reducing number of ToR ports. Within the rack several of the ThunderX servers can be configured as self-contained clusters connected in 3D or 2D Torus topology, forming a mesh with optimal connectivity with the ToR/Leaf switch. Also leveraging upon the flexible parser feature implemented on the Cavium’s data center product offerings, the fabric connectivity can support any emerging tunneling or proprietary protocols to provide efficient low latency fabric connectivity.

Xpliant Software Defined (SDN) Ethernet switches: XPliant switches can be tailored to the requirements of new protocols with unprecedented flexibility including changes to parsing, lookups, traffic scheduling, packet modification and traffic monitoring. Xpliant switches work in conjuction with ThunderX SoC providing efficient VM level access control and packet monitoring capabilities. Overall end-to-end fabric management is supported using Openflow APIs.

LiquidIO adapters: Enables data centers to rapidly deploy high performance SDN applications for both installed and new infrastructure while clearly enhancing server utilization, response times and network agility. The LiquidIO Server Adapters are designed for deployment by cloud service providers, enterprises and private data centers. Plugged into ThunderX servers enable elastic storage, NVMe fabrics and SLA-based traffic management.

LiquidSecurity
: HSM family provides a FIPS 140-2 level 2 and 3 partitioned, centralized and elastic key management solution with the highest transaction per second performance. It addresses the high-performance security requirements for private key management and administration while also addressing elastic performance per virtual / network domain for the virtualized cloud environment. It provides seamless security and key management to VMs and scales to support tens of thousands of VMs.

Product Information